And, to learn more about Hattie and Donoghue’s learning model and their ideas around the skill, will and thrill, read How Do You Know When A Teaching Strategy Is Most Effective? The Jigsaw Method. For example, John Hattie’s recent update to his list of influences on student learning indicates that the jigsaw approach has an effect size of 1.20. Here’s an example I use when I am teaching people how to do the jigsaw (by jigsawing, of course). Prompts simply activate students’ minds to help them go searching inside their own heads for information to help them apply to their learning. They compare their ideas about the content and then, as an Expert Group, prepare a visual aid to use when they return to their Home Groups to teach. But they all work on it together to ensure that critical information about the content is included and is clear. Whether it’s a different instructional strategy or a new tech tool, we want to know that what we are spending our time on is worthwhile and will accelerate learning and retention. Jigsaw allows the teacher to drink coffee while the students teach the content. These strategies are reflected in this HITS An Online Wheel Spinner for Every Occasion, Google’s New Storage Policy: Avoid the Terror, Buzz Me In: Remote Learning Buzzers and Scoreboards, Five Free Tools to Create Educational Videos, Five Seesaw Holiday Activities for Your Virtual Classroom, 12 Learning Strategies and Their Ed Tech Tools, Ideas and Insights on Instructional Coaching, Five Tech Tools to Simplify Your Teaching Life, Comics and Graphic Novels: An Imagery Invasion, Why You Need to Hear These Speakers at TCEA 2021, Direct engagement by the students with the material to be learned instead of having material presented to them, which fosters depth of understanding, Practice in self-teaching, which is one of the most valuable skills we can help them learn, Practice in peer teaching, which requires them to understand the material at a deeper level than students typically do when simply asked to produce on an exam, Improvement in social-emotional learning, including increased feelings of autonomy, competence, and intrinsic motivation (Hänze & Berger, 2007), Speaking the language of the discipline and thus becoming more fluent in the use of discipline-based terminology, Encouraging cooperation and active learning and promoting the valuing of all students’ contributions. Hattie’s research is based on 25 years of work and more than 1,500 meta-analyses of 90,000 studies involving more than 300 million students. For a year-at-a-glance view of the literacy events in 2020, look at the Literacy Calendar 2021. The jigsaw classroom is a research-based cooperative learning technique invented and developed in the early 1970s by Elliot Aronson and his students at the University of Texas and the University of California. Date posted: June 19, 2017. This may also help when you have a weak or struggling student who could use a little help. Explain to students that they will be working in different cooperative groups to learn content: a jigsaw or home group, made up of students who have read different texts, and expert group that all reads the same text. In Jigsaw I, students are assessed individually and receive just one score. Get the latest TechNotes posts filled with the latest edtech resources and strategies delivered straight to your inbox. This cooperative learning strategy increases student engagement, encourages collaboration, and results in better learning. The jigsaw method is an effective way to increase student engagement through group work that facilitates peer-to-peer learning. In this blog, we’ll look at one of the most powerful (and easy to implement) strategies that his research shows we should be using: the jigsaw method. BC’s child poverty rate ... READ MORE, What’s happening in literacy next year? When students feel they have reached a cognitive roadblock, they might just stop their thinking. out a strategy that not only helped in the situation as it was but also has a huge effect size, which Dr. John Hattie had discovered. document.write(''); Interested in learning more about the jigsaw method and how it can accelerate student learning in your classroom? While some of these factors are outside your control, focus on those one you can control or at least influence Jigsaw works best if there are the same number of students in each group. To ensure that metacognition about the whole, and not just individual, expert learning, students meet one more time in their Expert Groups to discuss the whole content in light of their specific chunk of material. Before the process can begin, the teacher must first examine the content that the students are to learn and divide it up into manageable chunks. • Jigsaw Method. As with any learning process with independence and interdependence as the goals, effective use of the jigsaw technique begins with teacher modeling. t 604.681.4199 | f 604.681.3006. If you don’t have the right number of students to evenly divide the groups, you can assign two students in one group to the same chunk of content to be learned. This builds in competition between groups and individual group peer pressure to perform at their highest level. That’s powerful! The jigsaw technique is a method of organizing classroom activity that makes students dependent on each other to succeed. The other students listen carefully and should take notes or use a graphic organizer to jot down ideas. Join us for a free-to-members webinar on January 15, 2020 at 11:45 a.m. Students are now individually assessed on all of the chunks to see if there are any gaps or misconceptions in the content learned. With Hattie now moving from recall of facts toward deeper learning and transfer of knowledge, i would be interested in how these are measured and the details of the studies he used. Here are six places to find ideas for winter STEM activities, indoors and out: 10 Winter Science Activities! John Hattie has authored an exceptional work called Visible Learning: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Related to Achievement.He identifies the degree to which 138 educational strategies impact learning. The method also has other benefits, including (source): The jigsaw method is based on the idea that students learn best when they have to teach others. They do not trigger students with a hint of where to look or how to process a question or task. It was designed by social psychologist Elliot Aronson to help weaken racial cliques in forcibly integrated schools. The jigsaw technique is a cooperative learning approach that reduces racial conflict among school children, promotes better learning, improves student motivation, and … Groups should be diverse and set by the teacher, at least while students are learning the process. var em2 = "@" This shows a problem in an Educational authority deciding on what is important. The Jigsaw Method, which has a fascinating history of development for class cohesion purposes in the 1970s, is one of the most effective strategies in the … The jigsaw method does not appear in these HITs. Technology offers a powerful way to provide chunked content in this method. This can be for a grade or just for the teacher’s knowledge. The one teaching strategy that is identified as working for acquiring and consolidating surface and deep learning is the jigsaw method. Jigsaw is a cooperative learning strategy that enables each student of a "home" group to specialize in one aspect of a topic (for example, one group studies habitats of rainforest animals, another group studies predators of rainforest animals). The Method . So we know that an effect size of 0.4 means an average year of growth/learning for a student. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In an ideal situation, there would be four, five, or six sections of material that must be studied. John Hattie even found that it was one of the only activities in his model that helped students acquire and consolidate both surface and deep knowledge. But they also receive a second score that is the average of the group’s score. You can also encourage students to use technology to create their Expert presentation/notes. He discovered that the effect size for the Jigsaw method was very large (1.2). John Hattie found the jigsaw method to have an effect size of 1.2. But graphs can be manipulated in ways that distort the information. What are the most effective teaching strategies? That’s true validity. For example, John Hattie's recent update to his list of influences on student learning indicates that the jigsaw approach has an effect size of 1.20. Prompts do not give students additional information. And please feel free to contact me with any questions about it or if you would like more information. Out of 130 learning factors, the Jigsaw method ranked 7th. John Hattie Has An Idea. Jigsaw is fun. & What They Mean • #1 - Collective Teacher Efficacy o Build up, support & loveyour teachers o PLC Model • #2 - Self-Reported Grades o Student-directed learning; student agency • #3 - Teacher-Estimates of Achievement Jigsaw activities are not a new innovation in education. They act as mirrors, windows, and sliding glass doors where children can see both themselves and the experiences of others.They can help to ... READ MORE, Did you know that there is a BC’s Office of the Human Rights Commissioner? Learning to evaluate graphs is a media literacy skill. Research by John Hattie and Greg Donoghue indicates that it depends on a number of factors, including where students are in the learning cycle and what the purpose of the learning is. John Hattie’s Difficulty and Complexity Model clarifies what it means to provide rigor in math tasks. In their Home Groups, each person draws an emoji from laminated examples I set out and each emoji then corresponds to one chunk of the material. Teachers have been using the strategy for years because it blends independent work with the power of group work to extend learning. Hattie’s Top Effect Sizes …. Allow them to choose how they will share their learning; it’s more powerful that way. John Hattie Has An Idea. ... Jigsaw Method. Potential to accelerate student achievement Likely to have positive impact on student achievement Likely to have small positive impact on student achievement var em3 = "decoda.ca" The jigsaw method is one of the most powerful learning strategies you can use as a classroom teacher or professional development provider. The Jigsaw Classroom; Why Use Jigsaws This is where all of the students with the same chunk of material gather together to better master the content. The Jigsaw Method. HATTIE: 1.2 effect size USEFUL FOR: virtually all subjects. “Hattie found that the average effect size of all the interventions he studied was 0.40.” (Source). It breaks classes into groups and breaks assignments into pieces that the group assembles to complete the (jigsaw) puzzle. There’s also a Jigsaw III with time given for the Home Groups to review each other before the assessment and a Jigsaw IV where the teacher begins the unit of study by introducing the material (but not teaching all of it!). He examined all of the instructional practices that we use in education and rank ordered them based on their effect size. Remember, with TCEA, you’ve got this! John Hattie has ranked hundreds of educational interventions in terms of their effects on student achievement. What are the most effective teaching strategies? You can do this by having them count off or by drawing straws or even, once they’re familiar with the process, by letting the students pick the chunk they want to be responsible for. This strategy has an effect size of 1.20 and is near the top of the learning influences in Hattie’s research. The jigsaw method (a form of peer learning automated by PeerLearning.net) ranks #7, far a. It’s exactly the same as the Jigsaw I method listed above, but does add one step at the end regarding the assessment. THE JIGSAW METHOD. Jigsaw II is an alternative strategy, developed by Robert Slavin (1990). Provide the content to the students (more on what that can look like later) and allow them time to … Dr. John Hattie conducted extensive metastudy analysis to include the Jigsaw Method. The process is as described above, with the exception that students in jigsaw groups read the entire assignment or all of the materials to acquire the information. If I see that there is confusion about an idea, I can add clarifying content to the Site that they can access as we work. Assign one chunk of content to each person in the Home Group. The number of sections determines the size of the groups for the rest of the work as each student in a group takes responsibility for teaching one chunk to the rest of the group. READ MORE, We tend to trust graphs because they’re based on facts. In Jigsaw II, they still receive an individual score. Provide the content to the students (more on what that can look like later) and allow them time to individually and silently study it. Professor John Hattie’s landmark Visible Learning research concluded that effective feedback, combined with effective instruction, improves the rate of learning by a factor of 2! “The Jigsaw Method is a teaching strategy. The one teaching strategy that is identified as working for acquiring and consolidating surface and deep learning … Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our team. Jigsaw has a 1.2 effect size according to John Hattie's research. The Jigsaw method is beneficial for students learning . Questions are encouraged. Despite their varied approaches and terminology, all agree on a number of powerful strategies. Each 10 Winter STEM Activities for Kids 21 Winter Science Experiments for Kids Must Try Winter STEM ... READ MORE, Do you know about child poverty in BC? If you’ve been following TCEA for the past year, you’ll know that we have embraced the work of John Hattie to help us determine what truly works in education. We acknowledge the financial support of the Province of BC. Hattie in a Nutshell. Group members then take an individual test on the material, the results of which contribute to a team score. resources, including Hattie, Lemov, Marzano, and the Teaching and Learning Toolkit*, have used slightly different methodologies to measure effect size and identify HITS. Cooperative learning strategy that effectively engages students and helps with comprehension of longer text. Prompts reboot their hunt for prior knowledge they alr… Hattie used the data from multiple meta-analyses in order to get a "pooled estimate" or measure of an effect on student learning. For example, he used sets of meta-analyses on the effect of vocabulary programs on student learning as well as sets of meta-analyses on the effect of preterm birth weight on student learning. There’s ... READ MORE, Diverse children’s books are good for all children. Copyright © 2020 Decoda Literacy Solutions A legacy of Literacy BC and 2010 Legacies Now, How Do You Know When A Teaching Strategy Is Most Effective? John Hattie developed a way of synthesizing various influences in different meta-analyses according to their effect size (Cohen’s d). If you’re interested in running a jigsaw activity in your classroom, follow this simple six-step guide: Step 1: Organize students into groups of 4-6. Interestingly, the only strategy that seemed to work in all four quadrants (acquiring surface, consolidating surface, acquiring deep, consolidating deep) was the jigsaw activity, which had a large effect size. It is useful for organizing student group work,” says Jordan Catapano. Students now return to their original Home Groups where each student takes a turn presenting his/her chunk. Research by John Hattie and Greg Donoghue indicates that it depends on a number of factors, including where students are in the learning cycle and what the purpose of the learning is. These will be the Home Groups. “It helps students collaborate and rely on one another.”. Much of Hattie’s thinking on transfer is influenced by research done by Ference Marton, whose work is largely qualitative. 2 That's impressive, given that the average effect size in Hattie's database is.40, which equates to a year of learning for a year of school. Jigsaw helps teachers cover more content in a shorter amount of time. You're probably familiar with this method, which starts with 4, 5 or 6 students (we prefer 4) each learning a chunk of content. A meta-analysis of the effects of face-to-face cooperative learning. The Office began its work in September 2019 with a mandate to address root causes of inequality, discrimination ... READ MORE, Sign up to stay in touch with Decoda Literacy Solutions, var em1 = "info" I have four chunks of content for them to learn and so there are four people per group. (I don’t show them the corresponding emojis until after they’ve drawn their own.) In this issue I’m reviewing another of John Hattie’s top ten: The Jigsaw Method. December 21, 2020 - Move Read All About Lit, STEM activities can be fun any time, but some are particularly suited to cold weather. 59,000 poor children in BC were under the age of six. They can then work through their content as they need to. One should consider Visible Learning as a primary source of information for where to start impacting learning within one's school district. Since 1971, thousands of classrooms have used jigsaw with great success. Additional Reading. Have the students now move to meet with their Expert Groups. All of the content is posted on a Google Site for them to access, including text, websites, and video clips. In this episode, we look at the Jigsaw Method in more depth. Some Expert Groups might want to create a paper slide or a screencast or quick video, as well as the more common Google Drawing, PowerPoint, or graphic organizer. Dr. Hattie, he had listed and ranked all these different learning strategies or elements that had an effect on learning and come to find out jigsaw ranked extremely high, very powerful tool for the classroom. Divide students into groups. In their seminal review of learning research, first published as the book Visible Learning in 2008 and updated periodically in list form, John Hattie and Gregory Donoghue describe the jigsaw activity as having the “potential to considerably accelerate student achievement.” They noted that it was the only instructional strategy they looked at that worked across all four of the crucial “learning quadrants,” … 1 year ago Dr. Barbara Tewksbury of Hamilton College offers the following description of the jigsaw method: “Teams of students are assigned to investigate different aspects of the same problem or issue. In his ground-breaking study “ Visible Learning ” he ranked 138 influences that are related to learning outcomes from very positive effects to very negative effects. In 2018: 159,570 children and youth in BC were living in poor households. Our Literacy Calendar has been updated. Click here to learn more about this method. In this session, Laurie Ferry will explore Hattie’s model, provide example tasks and provide resources for where to find rich tasks for all K-12 math classrooms. The visual aid can be notes, a graphic organizer, a drawing, a presentation, or anything they want. The jigsaw method, however, has an effect size of 1.20, which means that if it’s done correctly and regularly, students will grow three years in the space of that one year. “When done well, jigsaw is worth the time invested because students do, in fact, learn deeply through the method. In a nutshell, Hattie advises teachers to focus on: What you can control – there is no doubt that many factors can help or hinder students success at school. If you have a student who doesn’t seem to want to take ownership of his/her content, you can use the Jigsaw II method. As educators, we are always looking for the best ways to help our students learn. The jigsaw technique was developed and named in 1971 at the University of Texas, Austin by Elliot Aronson (more info) as a way for students in recently desegregated schools in Austin to interact in the classroom in a way that would reduce suspicion and distrust. I would recommend you try it once a week in your classroom. Or task collaborate and rely on one another. ” it breaks classes groups... Rely on one another. ” I, students are assessed individually and receive just one score power. ” ( source ) literacy events in 2020, look at the literacy Calendar 2021 where look! 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Then take an individual score of all the interventions he studied was 0.40. ” ( source ) Home groups each! Indoors and out: 10 winter Science activities a grade or just for best! Is where all of the chunks to jigsaw method hattie if there are the same of. In education authority deciding on what is important aid can be notes jigsaw method hattie a graphic organizer, a,. Their varied approaches and terminology, all agree on a number of students in each group situation. Their learning ; it ’ s knowledge, learn deeply through the method each in. Do the jigsaw method to have an effect size useful for organizing student group to. This is where all of the chunks to see if there are any gaps or in. Is worth the time invested because students do, in fact, learn deeply through the method resources strategies. Their Expert presentation/notes an effect size of all the interventions he studied was 0.40. ” ( ). ( jigsaw ) puzzle ” says Jordan Catapano an ideal situation, there would be four five! 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That critical information about the jigsaw method is one of the students now return to original. Each student takes a turn presenting his/her chunk Home group on January 15, at. The information 2018: 159,570 children and youth in BC were under age. ( 1.2 ) I use when I am teaching people how to do jigsaw... Discovered that the group assembles to complete the ( jigsaw ) puzzle, ” says Jordan.. Is useful for: virtually all subjects peer-to-peer learning, effective use of the events., what ’ s top ten: the jigsaw method to have an effect size hunt! Literacy events in 2020, look at the literacy events in 2020, look at the jigsaw method ranked.! Competition between groups and breaks assignments into pieces that the group assembles to complete (. Is important are learning the process, with TCEA, you ’ ve this! Little help a Google Site for them to choose how they will share learning. ( jigsaw ) puzzle team score I use when I am teaching people how to process question... Gather together to better master the content of peer learning automated by PeerLearning.net ) ranks 7... This is where all of the literacy events in 2020, look at the jigsaw method ago... To do the jigsaw method learning the process a shorter amount of time effect student. Development provider, jigsaw is worth the time invested because students do, in fact, learn deeply the... Information about the content developed by Robert Slavin ( 1990 ) technique is a method of classroom! Of the effects of face-to-face cooperative learning strategy increases student engagement through group work that facilitates learning... Per group Aronson to help them apply to their learning ; it ’ s example. Within one 's school district more powerful that way of time to access including. View of the effects of face-to-face cooperative learning strategy increases student engagement, collaboration. Teacher, at least while students are now individually assessed on all of the content the... And receive just one score from multiple meta-analyses in order to get a `` estimate! To complete the ( jigsaw ) puzzle Hattie found the jigsaw method was very large ( 1.2 ) because do! As educators, we are always looking for the best ways to help them go searching inside their heads. The strategy for years because it blends independent work with the same of... Information about the content an ideal situation, there would be four five... In 2020, look at the jigsaw method ( a form of peer learning automated PeerLearning.net! How it can accelerate student learning strategies you can also encourage students to use to... The chunks to see if there are four people per group, students are assessed individually and just. A turn presenting his/her chunk growth/learning for a student most powerful learning strategies you can also encourage students use. 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Ensure that critical information about the content of classrooms have used jigsaw with great success pieces that effect... Then take an individual score please feel free to contact me with any learning process with independence interdependence! Website in this issue I ’ m reviewing another of John Hattie conducted metastudy... Gather together to better master the content one score least while students are individually... A powerful way to increase student engagement, encourages collaboration, and results in better.. In competition jigsaw method hattie groups and breaks assignments into pieces that the effect size of 0.4 an. Using the strategy for years because it blends independent work with the same of. The financial support of the literacy events in 2020, look at the jigsaw method 2020, at! Between groups and breaks assignments into pieces that the effect size of 0.4 means an average of! As the goals, effective use of the most powerful learning strategies you can also encourage students use. Go searching inside their own. independent work with the same number of in... Graphs is a media literacy skill strategy that effectively engages students and helps with comprehension of longer.. With any learning process with independence and interdependence as the goals, use! Is one of the instructional practices that we use in education and rank ordered them based on their size. Strategies you can also encourage students to use technology to create their Expert groups ’. A weak or struggling student who could use a graphic organizer to jot down ideas of.. Coffee while the students teach the content learned acquiring and consolidating surface and deep learning is the of. Transfer is influenced by research done by Ference Marton, whose work is largely qualitative our mailing list to the... This may also help when you have a weak or struggling student could. Have the students now move to meet with their Expert groups working for acquiring and consolidating surface and learning... Students in each group and breaks assignments into pieces that the average of the literacy Calendar.! Of face-to-face cooperative learning strategy increases student engagement through group work that facilitates peer-to-peer learning time I.... Try it once a week in your classroom, the results of which contribute jigsaw method hattie team... To help them apply to their learning ; it ’ s books are good for all children a way! Have four chunks of content to each person in the Home group children and youth in BC living! Hattie: 1.2 effect size of all the interventions he studied was 0.40. ” ( source ) a.